High blood pressure, often known as hypertension, is hazardous because it can cause strokes, heart attacks, heart failure, and renal damage. The objective of hypertension treatment is to decrease excessive blood pressure while still protecting vital organs such as the brain, heart, and kidneys. According to studies, hypertension treatment has been linked to lower rates of stroke (35 percent to 40 percent), heart attack (20 percent to 25 percent), and heart failure (greater than 50 percent).
A systolic blood pressure of more than 130 and a diastolic blood pressure of more than 80 is now considered high blood pressure.
Everyone should be urged to adopt lifestyle changes to avoid high blood pressure, such as eating a better diet, stopping smoking, and getting more exercise. In adults over the age of 65 and those with risk factors such as diabetes and high cholesterol, medication is suggested to decrease blood pressure to less than 130/80.
You can treat high blood pressure through making certain lifestyle changes along with drug therapy.
Lifestyle changes which you can inculcate to treat high blood pressure are:
Shed some weight - If you are overweight or obese, you must lose weight.
Follow something which is called as DASH diet- Dash diet which stands for Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension must be taken into account. In dash diet vegetables, fruits, whole grains, fish, poultry, nuts, and beans are all encouraged. Avocados, bananas, dried fruits, tomatoes, and black beans which are examples of high-potassium foods are appreciated. While, sugary beverages, sweets, and high-fat meats and dairy items are set to minimum in this diet.
Quit Smoking. Tobacco causes artery hardening and affects the walls of your blood vessels. Both the arteries and the blood vessels must be in good physical condition to tackle your blood pressure.
Reduce your sodium intake - If you have high blood pressure, restrict your sodium consumption to less than 1,500 milligrams per day; healthy individuals should limit their sodium intake to no more than 2,300 milligrams per day (about 1 teaspoon of salt). Salt is abundant in many processed meals. Soups, condiments, and tomato sauce, for example, can contain up to 75 percent of the daily salt requirement. Read food labels attentively (salt is stated as sodium), and don't add extra during cooking or just before eating. Instead, flavor your meal using spices and herbs.
Keep your body active - Aerobic activity on a regular basis such as jogging or brisk walking or doing some yoga or any other physical activity that make your heart race, will help you to keep your blood pressure in check. Aim to exercise consistently for at least 3 hours overall over the course of a week.
Stress reduction. Consider how you can improve the stressful aspects of your life. Talk to a therapist, study, meditation or anger-management techniques, or receive frequent massages. These can help you to reduce your overall stress.